Tuesday, 18 April 2017

18th April: Spring shoots

Change is very visible on Blakeney Freshes at the moment. In less than a month, the area of reedbed we cut in February has been growing back fast, with green shoots rising above the water.

23rd March

18th April

We control the water levels to benefit wildlife. In February, we dropped the levels to as low as possible, in order to access the reedbed to carry out our habitat management work. We have since raised the water table to make the Freshes suitable for breeding wading birds. Avocets are nesting on small islands surrounded by water, whilst Lapwings and Redshanks are nesting in amongst the grass. A Little Ringed Plover has also been seen this week.

Other sightings in the last few days include Water Vole, Swallows passing westwards and a Mute Swan nest...

Elsewhere on the reserve, recent sightings include Firecrest, Short-eared Owl and Peregrine on Blakeney Point and Wheatear on Morston Marshes. There are approximately 300 Sandwich Terns roosting on Far Point.

Firecrest (Richard Porter)

Also on the Point, the usual patch of Sea Kale is re-emerging from underneath the shingle to the east of the Watch House. This is the only place on the reserve that it grows.

Our latest low tide seal count - conducted on Tuesday 11th April - recorded 98 Grey and 57 Common hauled out on Stiffkey West Sands.

- Ajay Tegala, Ranger

Thursday, 9 March 2017

9th of March: Spring is in the air


The starlings in my garden are wolf-whistling at each other and the blackthorn in the hedgerows is coming into flower – spring is springing everywhere, including Blakeney.  We’re starting to see birds pairing off for the breeding season on the reserve, including stonechats on Friary Hills, reed buntings on the marsh and oystercatchers along the shingle ridge of the Point.  Our largest count of grey partridge pairs on Blakeney Point was an estimated 15 pairs on 24th of February, growing from six on Valentine’s Day and smashing all previous records.  We have also regularly seen a gang of six shore larks still hanging around the Point, which always brighten our day.

In February we said goodbye to the last grey seal pup born quite late on the Point this year, pictured below (exactly three weeks after it was first found) fully moulted and in good condition for independence.

The last seal pup on Valentine's Day (photo: Mary Goddard)


Our trail camera on a gate post on Blakeney Freshes is a fantastic tool for seeing what birds of prey are about and we have been getting some lovely footage recently.  Below is a selection from the last month including a kestrel having a stretch, a barn owl on a calm and misty morning and two buzzards that can be differentiated as individuals by the varying amounts of pale plumage on their chests.  My favourite, though, is the sparrowhawk being startled by masses of pink footed geese coming in to feed on the field behind.

A kestrel stretching

Barn owl in the mist

Buzzard number 1

Buzzard number 2

Sparrowhawk and pink footed geese


With ditching works on the Freshes completed in January, next has been the annual reed cutting.  This is done in blocks on a five year rotation, which helps to prevent the humus layer from building up and allowing succession of scrub, whilst also maintain the heterogeneous mosaic of different age structures that benefits reed bed wildlife.  During this work we came across an interesting fungus growing out of the base of a reed stem, which I took some (bad) photos of to send to local fungi expert Tony Leech for help identifying.  Unfortunately my terrible photography made this difficult, but I was able to re-locate the specimen and collect it to pass on to Tony for inspection.  He identified it as Mycena belliarum (or reed bonnet), a rare fungus for which East Anglia is a strong hold.  Since the 1950s the species has been recorded at three other sites in Norfolk, one in Suffolk and one in Huntingdon.
Mycena belliarum found at Blakeney (photo: Tony Leech)


Finally is to report a little gem found at Morston while we were installing some new signage and dog bins – harvest mouse nests.  We found a couple in some long grass just off the track, beautifully camouflaged.  The female harvest mouse (Mycromys minutus) builds this spherical grass nest solely for the purpose of raising her young, creating a new nest for each litter she has.  The fact that we found two in such close proximity possibly indicates multiple litters by the same mouse.

A harvest mouse (Mycromys minutus) nest
(photo: Mary Goddard)

Post by Mary Goddard, Assistant Ranger

Monday, 6 February 2017

6th of February: Blakeney wildlife update

Here at Blakeney National Nature Reserve, February is the month that follows the end of the Grey Seal breeding season and precedes the start of the breeding bird season. In preparation for the upcoming breeding bird season in March, the ranger team have been carrying out habitat management work...

On Blakeney Freshes, we completed our annual ditching works at the end of January. This involves contracting a digger to clear out some of the ditches, preventing them from becoming too clogged up with vegetation, to allow better flow of water around the Freshes and enable a greater diversity of wildlife. This work is done on a rotation. The same applies for reed cutting, which we will be completing in February. This stops woodier species from taking over the reedbed and drying it out, thus conserving the reedbed habitat for nesting Marsh Harriers, Bearded Tits and - in some years - Bitterns, as well as invertebrates that live in the reed stems.
Blakeney Freshes (Ajay Tegala)

Recent wildlife sightings on Blakeney Freshes include a male Hen Harrier, two Stonechat pairs, 7+ Bearded Tits, Snipe and also two Scaup in Blakeney Harbour on 31 January. On the same date, 872 Wigeon and 93 Teal were counted on the Freshes.

On 21 January, we took part in a coordinated Brent Goose roost count across the coast. Approximately 1,600 roosted at Stiffkey, which is over 1,300 more than last year's count. Numbers roosting in Blakeney Harbour were similar to last year, with 1,135 counted. It won't be too long before the Brent Geese begin migrating to their breeding grounds in the Arctic Circle, where their breeding success is related to Arctic Fox predation.
Brent Geese on the north Norfolk coast

A late Grey Seal pup was discovered in the dunes in the second half of January. On Thursday 2 February, we noticed it had moulted and was about to become the 2,367th pup to be weaned on Blakeney Point this winter.

In addition, Hobgoblin (the orphaned male pup that turned up in the car park at Morston on 21 November) was released after being cared for by the RSPCA at East Winch.
Hobgoblin (Kirsty Dickson)

This takes the total weaned to 2,368 thanks to the efforts of the East Winch team who fed the pup for two months, enabling him to get up to a healthy weight ready to fend for himself in the North Sea. Hobgoblin weighed 14.5kg on arrival and was released on 1 February having reached 45kg.

The RSPCA team also recently released Milkbottle, a young female Common Seal that we rescued from the beach at Salthouse on 22 August. She weighed just 10.5kg on arrival at East Winch and had increased to a healthy 46kg when she was released on 2 January.

Our most recent low tide seal count recorded 68 Grey Seals (4 weaned pups and 64 adults) and one juvenile Common Seal on 2 February.

Last week's sightings on Blakeney Point included a male Merlin on 30 January, two Glaucous Gulls on 31 January and six Shore Larks in Great Sandy Low on 2 February.
Juvenile Glaucous Gull (Richard Porter)

Also on 2 February, 42 Grey Partridges were counted, including three pairs; we hope 2017 will be another good year for breeding success.

  Ajay, Ranger - Blakeney National Nature Reserve

Friday, 6 January 2017

6th of January: Buoy overshadows seals

Strong winds and rough seas on Wednesday (4th January), caused shifting of shingle on Blakeney Point.

These posts are what remains of a row of telegraph poles that powered a telephone at the Lifeboat House one hundred years ago. These have been exposed considerably by the landward rolling of shingle caused by Wednesday's weather.

It wasn't only shingle that shifted. The large buoy that marks the Hjordis wreck came off it's anchor chain and washed up on the Point, overshadowing a couple of weaned Grey Seal pups on the beach...
 Buoy overshadows seals (Graham Lubbock)

...and our volunteer Richard Porter (Ajay Tegala)

The buoy marks the Hjordis wreck, at the mouth of Blakeney Channel, to prevent vessels from getting into danger by going too close to the remains of the ship that was wrecked here in 1916. Due to the channel moving eastwards over the previous winter, Blakeney Harbour Association installed a number of new marker boys in 2016 for the safety of Blakeney's many boat users. After liaising with Blakeney Harbour Association, who put out a navigation warning, we set about the task of retrieving the buoy. Fortunately, despite its bulkiness, we were able to load it onto our trailer and toe it to Morston.

 Loading the buoy onto the trailer (Ajay Tegala)

 Beginning the drive along the beach (Mary Goddard)

Delivered safely to Morston (Graham Lubbock)

Wednesday's weather had little impact on the Grey Seal rookery. The adults and weaned pups are fast dispersing. However, there have been four pups born in 2017.

 One of this January's newborn pups (Ajay Tegala)

These four take the season's total to 2,366 pups. This number is now unlikely to rise by more than one or two. This total represents a 1% increase on last season's.

With three orphaned seals in the care of RSPCA East Winch and 34 either stillborn or not surviving their crucial first few days, there has been a total of 2,403 births this season. This represents a very low <2% mortality, showing what a successful and productive rookery Blakeney Point is.

We would like to thank all visitors for respecting the seals, helping them to have a disturbance-free environment in which to pup. A great big thank you also to the RSPCA staff and volunteers at East Winch for doing an excellent job caring for sick and injured pups from Blakeney.

Notable wildlife sightings on Blakeney National Nature Reserve this week included:

- Harbour Porpoise (washed up dead), Blakeney Point on Tuesday 3rd
- Hen Harrier (ringtail), Morston Marshes on Wednesday 4th
- Two Glaucous Gulls, Blakeney Point on Thursday 5th
- Four Snow Buntings, Blakeney Point on Thursday 5th
- Two Whooper Swans, over Blakeney Freshes on Thursday 5th

We look forward to sharing wildlife news from across the reserve throughout 2017.

- Ajay, Mary & Graham (Rangers)